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发布于:2018-3-7 09:32:48  访问:49 次 回复:0 篇
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L exams (eight.6 ) and about 34 described other factors. However
Table 4 summarizes socio-demographic and behavioral variables of study participants who acknowledged that they cheat. Variables were assessed using logistic regression. The odds of cheating among students who went to private high school were significantly higher than for students who went to public or governmental schools (adjusted OR = 1.80, 95 CI = 1.01-3.19). Cheating was strongly associated with students who dine outside the university cafeteria as compared with those who dined at the university cafeteria (adjusted OR = 3.08, 95 CI = 1.54-6.16). Students who received a monthly income or pocket money of Birr 300 or more were more likely to fmicb.2016.01082 cheat as when compared with those students who received fewer than Birr 300 (adjusted OR = 1. 69 (95 CI = 1. 05?.72). Cheating was associated with field of study. When compared with nursing students, the odds of cheating for medicalstudents was 84 lower (adjusted OR = 0. 16, 95 CI, 0.07-0.34), 72 (adjusted OR = 0. 28, 95 CI = 0. 09?.83) decrease for optometry students, and 71 (adjusted OR = 0. 21, 95 CI = 0. 13?.67) lower for midwifery students. Cheating was also substantially linked with years of study, as well as the odds of cheating decreasing with MedChemExpress Obatoclax Mesylate escalating years of study. The odds of cheating among fourth year students was 75 decrease than 1st year students (adjusted OR = 0.25, 95 CI = 0.12-0.53). Not attending all or most lecture classes was strongly and positively associated with cheating (adjusted OR = 1.74, 95 CI = 1.04-2.91). Students who did not allow others to copy or cheat exams from them were less most likely to cheat Omarigliptin chemical information themselves mcn.12352 (adjusted OR = 0.25, 95 CI = 0.14-0.45). The odds of cheating amongst students who didn‘t cheat on the entrance examination to university was considerably reduced than those that cheated (adjusted OR = 0. 25, 95 CI = 0. 14?.45). The odds of cheating amongst students who cheated in high college was two.9 fold high.L exams (eight.six ) and about 34 described other causes. Alternatively, the main motives provided by students for not cheating on exams are feeling competent (65.six ), beingDesalegn and Berhan BMC Medical Education 2014, 14:89 http://www.biomedcentral.com/1472-6920/14/Page 5 ofTable two Perception and reported cheating account by students at higher school, on entrance examination and within the university srep30031 by sex, JuneAct of cheating and perception towards cheating In the course of higher college Yes No At entrance examination Yes No Currently at the university Yes No Allowed other individuals to cheat Yes NO Viewed as as typical among classmates Yes No Report to invigilators if witnessed Yes NO Is cheating a widespread practice Yes NO 199(22.9 ) 671(77.1 ) 64(31.1 ) 142(68.9 ) 263(24.four ) 813(75.6 ) 191(20.five ) 740(79.five ) 43(17.4 ) 204(8 ) 234(19.9 ) 944(80.1 ) 0.014 193(20.5 ) 747(79.5 ) 68(27.4 ) 180(72.6 ) 261(22 ) 927(78 ) 0.277 285(30.two ) 660(69.eight ) 80(31.7 ) 172(68.three ) 365(30.five ) 832(69.five ) 0.02 166(18.1 ) 751(81.9 ) 63(26.two ) 177(73.8 ) 229(19.8 ) 928(80.2 ) 0.627 102(11 ) 827(89 ) 39(16.2 ) 202(83.eight ) 141(12.1 ) 1029(87.9 ) 0.005 0.027 177(19.two ) 743(80.eight ) 68(28.7 ) 169(71.3 ) 245(21.2 ) 912(78.8 ) Sex Male, n ( ) Female, n ( ) 0.001 Total, n ( ) P-valueNote: P-values in bold are statistically substantial (p < 0.05).true to religious and moral standards (19.3 ), fear of academic punishment (7.7 ), presence of strict invigilators (2.6 ) and other reasons (4.8 ).
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